Wildflowers of the United States

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US Wildflower's Database of Wildflowers for Iowa

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Adam and Eve: Puttyroot Orchid, Adam and Eve

Aplectrum hyemale*
(Native) Family: Orchidaceae – Orchid family
Agrimony: Tall Hairy Agrimony, Common Agrimony, Hooked Agrimony, Tall Hairy Grooveburr

Agrimonia gryposepala*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Alfalfa: Black Medic, Black Hay, Hop Clover, Hop Medic, Yellow Trefoil

Medicago lupulina
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Anemone: Wood Anemone, Nightcaps, Twoleaf Anemone

Anemone quinquefolia*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Anemone: Thimbleweed, Tall Anemone

Anemone virginiana*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Arrowhead: Common Arrowhead, Arrowleaf, Burhead, Wapato, Duck-potato, Broadleaf Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia*
(Native) Family: Alismataceae – Water-plantain family
Aster: Hairy White Oldfield Aster, Frost Aster, White Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum pilosum*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Aster: New England Aster, Michaelmas-daisy

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Avens: White Avens, Canada Avens

Geum canadense*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Baneberry: White Baneberry, Doll's Eyes

Actaea pachypoda*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Beggarticks: Bearded Beggarticks, Tickseed Sunflower, Bur Marigold

Bidens aristosa*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Bellflower: Tall Bellflower, American Bellflower

Campanulastrum americanum*
(Native) Family: Campanulaceae - Bellflower family
Bellwort: Large-flowered Bellwort

Uvularia grandiflora*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Bellwort: Sessileleaf Bellwort, Wild Oats

Uvularia sessilifolia
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Bergamot, Beebalm: Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa*
(Native) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Bergamot, Beebalm: Crimson Bee Balm, Scarlet Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Oswego Tea

Monarda didyma*
(Native) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Bittercress: Cutleaf Toothwort

Cardamine concatenata*
(Native) Family: Brassicaceae – Mustard family
Blackberry: Northern Dewberry, Common Dewberry

Rubus flagellaris*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Blackberry: Thimbleberry, Western Thimbleberry, Salmonberry, Mountain Sorrel, White Flowering Raspberry, Western Thimble Raspberry

Rubus parviflorus*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Bladdernut: American Bladdernut

Staphylea trifolia*
(Native) Family: Staphyleaceae – Bladdernut family
Blanketflower: Indian Blanket, Indian Blanketflower, Firewheel

Gaillardia pulchella*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Bloodroot: Bloodroot, Red Indian Paint, Red Puccoon

Sanguinaria canadensis*
(Native) Family: Papaveraceae – Poppy family
Blue Eyed Mary: Blue Eyed Mary, Spring Blue-eyed Mary, Eastern Blue Eyed Mary, Innocence, Lady-by-the-Lake

Collinsia verna*
(Native) Family: Plantaginaceae – Plantain family
Blue-eyed Grass: Blue-eyed Grass, Stout Blue-eyed Grass, Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
(Native) Family: Iridaceae – Iris family
Bluebells: Virginia Bluebells

Mertensia virginica*
(Native) Family: Boraginaceae – Borage family
Bluets: Tiny Bluet, Small Bluet, Least Bluet

Houstonia pusilla
(Native) Family: Rubiaceae – Madder family
Bluets: Venus' Pride, Large Bluet, Large Houstonia, Summer Bluet, Purple Bluet

Houstonia purpurea*
(Native) Family: Rubiaceae – Madder family
Broomrape: One-flowered Broomrape ; One-flowered Cancer Root, Ghostpipe, Naked Broomrape

Orobanche uniflora*
(Native) Family: Orobanchaceae – Broom-rape family
Bugbane: Black Cohosh, Black Bugbane, Black Baneberry, Black Snakeroot, Fairy Candle

Cimicifuga racemosa*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Bundleflower: Prairie Mimosa, Illinois Bundleflower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus

Desmanthus illinoensis*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Bur Cucumber: Bur Cucumber, Oneseed Bur Cucumber; Star Cucumber

Sicyos angulatus*
(Native) Family: Cucurbitaceae – Cucumber family
Buttercup: Littleleaf Buttercup, Littleleaf Crowfoot

Ranunculus abortivus*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Buttonbush: Buttonbush, Common Buttonbush, Button Ball, Riverbush, Honey-bells, Button Willow

Cephalanthus occidentalis*
(Native) Family: Rubiaceae – Madder family
Buttonweed: Rough Buttonweed, Poor Joe

Diodia teres
(Native) Family: Rubiaceae – Madder family
Camas: Wild Hyacinth; Atlantic Camas

Camassia scilloides*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Catchfly: Fire Pink, Scarlet Catchfly

Silene virginica*
(Native) Family: Caryophyllaceae – Pink family
Catchfly: Starry Campion, Widow's Frill

Silene stellata*
(Native) Family: Caryophyllaceae – Pink family
Ceanothus: New Jersey Tea, Wild Snowball, Mountain Sweet, Redroot

Ceanothus americanus*
(Native) Family: Rhamnaceae – Buckthorn family
Chicory: Chicory

Cichorium intybus
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Cinquefoil : Dwarf Cinquefoil

Potentilla canadensis*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Cinquefoil: Sulfur Cinquefoil, Roughfruit Cinquefoil

Potentilla recta*
(Introduced) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Cinquefoil: Common Cinquefoil, Decumbent Five-finger, Old Field Cinquefoil

Potentilla simplex*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Clover: White Clover

Trifolium repens
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Clover: Red Clover, Cowgrass

Trifolium pratense
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Clover: Crimson Clover, Italian Clover

Trifolium incarnatum
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Clover: Low-Hop Clover, Field Clover, Large Hop Clover, Hop Trefoil

Trifolium campestre*
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Clubmoss : Southern Ground Cedar, Fan Clubmoss, Running Pine, Running Ground Cedar

Diphasiastrum digitatum*
(Native) Family: Lycopodiaceae – Club-moss family
Cohosh: Blue Cohosh

Caulophyllum thalictroides*
(Native) Family: Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Columbine: Eastern Red Columbine, Wild Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Coneflower: Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Coneflower: Green-headed Coneflower, Cutleaf Coneflower

Rudbeckia laciniata*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Coneflower: Browneyed Susan, Thin-leaf Coneflower, Three-lobed Coneflower

Rudbeckia triloba*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Crownbeard: Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed

Verbesina alternifolia*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Crownbeard: White Crownbeard, Frostweed, Iceplant, Virginia crownbeard

Verbesina virginica*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Daisy: Oxeye Daisy

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Dandelion: Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Dayflower: Asiatic Dayflower, Mouse Ears, Dew Herb

Commelina communis
(Introduced) Family: Commelinaceae – Spiderwort family
Daylily: Common Daylily, Tawny Daylily, Orange Daylily

Hemerocallis fulva*
(Introduced) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Deadnettle: Henbit, Henbit Deadnettle

Lamium amplexicaule
(Introduced) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Deadnettle: Purple Deadnettle, Red Deadnettle, Purple Archangel

Lamium purpureum*
(Introduced) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Dodder: Dodder Vine, Scaldweed

Cuscuta gronovii
(Native) Family: Cuscutaceae – Dodder family
Dogwood: Red-osier Dogwood, Western Dogwood, American Dogwood

Cornus sericea*
(Native) Family: Cornaceae – Dogwood family
Dogwood: Bunchberry, Bunchberry Dogwood, Dwarf Dogwood, Canadian Bunchberry, Dwarf Cornel, Creeping Dogwood

Cornus canadensis*
(Native) Family: Cornaceae – Dogwood family
Dutchman's Breeches: Dutchman's Breeches

Dicentra cucullaria*
(Native) Family: Fumariaceae – Fumitory family
Dwarf Dandelion: Two-flower Cynthia, Twoflower Dwarfdandelion

Krigia biflora
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Elderberry: Common Elderberry, American Elderberry, American Black Elderberry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis*
(Native) Family: Adoxaceae – Muskroot Family
Eryngo: Rattlesnake Master, Button Eryngo, Button Snakeroot, Yuccaleaf Eryngo

Eryngium yuccifolium*
(Native) Family: Apiaceae – Carrot family
Evening Primrose: Pink Ladies, Showy Evening Primrose, Pink Primrose

Oenothera speciosa
(Native) Family: Onagraceae – Evening Primrose family
Evening Primrose: Common Evening Primrose, Evening Star, Sun Drop

Oenothera biennis*
(Native) Family: Onagraceae – Evening Primrose family
False Foxglove: Slender Gerardia, Slenderleaf False Foxglove

Agalinis tenuifolia*
(Native) Family: Orobanchaceae – Broom-rape family
False Indigo: Indigobush, False Indigo Bush, Desert False Indigo, Tall Indigo-bush

Amorpha fruticosa*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
False-buckwheat: Japanese Knotweed, Crimson Beauty, Mexican bamboo, Japanese Fleece Flower, Reynoutria

Fallopia japonica*
(Introduced) Family: Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family
Fawnlily: Trout Lily, Yellow Dogtooth Violet, Yellow Adder's Tongue, Yellow Trout-Lily

Erythronium americanum*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Fern : Cinnamon Fern

Osmunda cinnamomea
(Native) Family: Osmundaceae - Royal Fern Family
Fireweed: Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow Herb, Rosebay Willow Herb, Blooming Sally

Chamerion angustifolium*
(Native) Family: Onagraceae – Evening Primrose family
Flatsedge: False Nutsedge, Strawcolored Flatsedge, Strawcolor Nutgrass

Cyperus strigosus*
(Native) Family: Cyperaceae – Sedge family
Fleabane: Eastern daisy fleabane

Erigeron annuus*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Fleabane: Philadelphia Fleabane

Erigeron philadelphicus*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Fleabane: Prairie Fleabane, Lesser Daisy Fleabane

Erigeron strigosus*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Fleabane: Robin's Plantain

Erigeron pulchellus*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Fluxweed: False Pennyroyal, Fluxweed, Glade Bluecurls

Isanthus brachiatus*
(Native) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Fogfruit: Fogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit, Northern Fogfruit

Phyla lanceolata*
(Native) Family: Verbenaceae – Verbena family
Fringed Orchid: Small Purple Fringed Orchid, Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid, Lesser Purple Fringed Bog-orchid

Platanthera psycodes*
(Native) Family: Orchidaceae – Orchid family
Geranium: Wild Geranium

Geranium maculatum*
(Native) Family: Geraniaceae – Geranium family
Geranium: Carolina Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill

Geranium carolinianum*
(Native) Family: Geraniaceae – Geranium family
Germander: American Germander, Wood Sage, Canada Germander

Teucrium canadense*
(Native) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Glechoma: Ground Ivy, Gill-over-the-ground, Haymaids, Creeping Charlie

Glechoma hederacea
(Introduced) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Goatsbeard: Yellow Salsify, Yellow Goatsbeard, Western Salsify, Wild Oysterplant

Tragopogon dubius*
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Goatsbeard: Goatsbeard, Eastern Goatsbeard, Bride’s Feathers

Aruncus dioicus*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Goldenaster - False: Camphorweed, Camphor Weed, False Goldenaster

Heterotheca subaxillaris*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Goldenrod: Zigzag Goldenrod, Broadleaf Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Goldenrod: Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Solidago altissima*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Goldenseal: Goldenseal, orangeroot

Hydrastis canadensis*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Green Violet: Green Violet, Eastern Greenviolet

Hybanthus concolor*
(Native) Family: Violaceae – Violet family
Groundcherry: Virginia Groundcherry, Ground Cherry, Lanceleaf Groundcherry, Hog Plum, Husk Tomato

Physalis virginiana*
(Native) Family: Solanaceae – Potato family
Groundnut: Groundnut, Potato Bean, Indian Potato, Virginia Potato, Wild Bean, Wild Sweet Potato

Apios americana*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Hawkweed: Orange Hawkweed, Devil’s Paintbrush

Hieracium aurantiacum*
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Hedge Parsley: Spreading Hedge Parsley, Field Hedge Parsley, Common Hedge Parsley

Torilis arvensis*
(Introduced) Family: Apiaceae – Carrot family
Hepatica: Sharp-lobed Hepatica, Round-lobed Hepatica, Liverleaf, Liverwort

Hepatica nobilis*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Hoarypea: Goat’s Rue, Virginia Tephrosia, Catgut, Hoary-pea, Rabbit-pea

Tephrosia virginiana*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Hogpeanut: American Hogpeanut

Amphicarpaea bracteata*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Honeysuckle: Trumpet Honeysuckle

Lonicera sempervirens*
(Native) Family: Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle family
Horsetail: Smooth Horsetail, Smooth Scouring Rush

Equisetum laevigatum
(Native) Family: Equisetaceae – Horsetail family
Hound's tongue: Wild Comfrey

Cynoglossum virginianum
(Native) Family: Boraginaceae – Borage family
Hound's tongue: Houndstongue, Hound's Tongue, Gypsyflower

Cynoglossum officinale*
(Introduced) Family: Boraginaceae – Borage family
Indian Pipe: Indian Pipe, Ghost Flower, Ghost Plant

Monotropa uniflora*
(Native) Family: Monotropaceae – Indian Pipe family
Indian Plantain: Great Indian Plantain

Arnoglossum reniforme*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Indian Strawberry: Indian Strawberry, India Mockstrawberry

Duchesnea indica*
(Introduced) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Iris: Blackberry Lily, Leopard Flower, Leopard Lily

Iris domestica*
(Introduced) Family: Iridaceae – Iris family
Ironweed: Tall Ironweed, Giant Ironweed, Ironweed

Vernonia gigantea*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Jack-in-the-Pulpit: Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip, Jack in the Pulpit,

Arisaema triphyllum*
(Native) Family: Araceae – Arum family
Jimsonweed: Jimsonweed, Jamestown Weed, Mad Apple, Moon Flower, Stinkwort, Thorn Apple, Devil's Trumpet

Datura stramonium*
(Introduced) Family: Solanaceae – Potato family
Joe Pye Weed: Spotted Joe Pye Weed, Purple Boneset, Spotted Trumpetweed

Eutrochium maculatum*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Knapweed: Bachelor’s Button, Bluebottle, Cornflower, Garden Cornflower

Centaurea cyanus*
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Ladies Tresses: Ladies’ Tresses, Northern Slender Lady's Tresses, Southern Slender Ladies’ Tresses

Spiranthes lacera*
(Native) Family: Orchidaceae – Orchid family
Ladyslipper: Yellow Ladyslipper, Lesser Yellow Lady’s Slipper, Greater Yellow Lady’s Slipper, Small Flowered Yellow Lady’s Slipper

Cypripedium parviflorum*
(Native) Family: Orchidaceae – Orchid family
Larkspur: Dwarf Larkspur, Spring Larkspur

Delphinium tricorne*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Leafcup: Whiteflower Leafcup, White Bear's Foot, Smallflower Leafcup

Polymnia canadensis*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Leather Flower: Western Virgin’s Bower, Western Blue Virginsbower, Mountain Clematis, Purple Clematis, Purple Virgin's-bower

Clematis occidentalis*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Leather Flower: Virgin’s Bower, Devil's Darning Needles, Old Man’s Beard

Clematis virginiana*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Lespedeza: Sericea Lespedeza

Lespedeza cuneata
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Lettuce: Wild Lettuce, Canada Lettuce

Lactuca canadensis*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Lettuce: Woodland Lettuce, Florida Blue Lettuce, False Lettuce

Lactuca floridana
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Lettuce: Prickly Lettuce, China Lettuce

Lactuca serriola*
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Lily: Wood Lily, Mountain Lily

Lilium philadelphicum*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Lionsheart: Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Obedience

Physostegia virginiana*
(Native) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Lobelia: Cardinal Flower, Scarlet Lobelia

Lobelia cardinalis*
(Native) Family: Campanulaceae - Bellflower family
Lobelia: Inflated Lobelia, Indian Tobacco

Lobelia inflata*
(Native) Family: Campanulaceae - Bellflower family
Lobelia: Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica*
(Native) Family: Campanulaceae - Bellflower family
Lobelia: Palespike Lobelia

Lobelia spicata*
(Native) Family: Campanulaceae - Bellflower family
Loosestrife: Purple Loosestrife, Rosy Strife, Kill Weed

Lythrum salicaria*
(Introduced) Family: Lythraceae – Loosestrife family
Lopseed: Lopseed, American Lopseed

Phryma leptostachya*
(Native) Family: Phrymaceae - Lopseed Family
Lotus: American Lotus, Water Lotus, Water Chinquapin, Yellow Lotus

Nelumbo lutea*
(Native) Family: Nelumbonaceae – Indian lotus
Lousewort: Wood Betony; Canadian Lousewort

Pedicularis canadensis
(Native) Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family
Maidenhair Fern: Northern Maidenhair, Five-Fingered Maidenhair Fern

Adiantum pedatum
(Native) Family: Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern family
Maple: Red Maple, Swamp Maple, Soft Maple

Acer rubrum
(Native) Family: Aceraceae – Maple family
Mayapple: Mayapple

Podophyllum peltatum*
(Native) Family: Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Mayflower: False Solomon's Seal, Feathery False Lily of the Valley, Solomon's Plume

Maianthemum racemosum*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Mayflower: Starry False Solomon’s Seal, Starry False Lily of the Valley, Starflower False Solomon's Seal Star-flowered Solomon’s Plume

Maianthemum stellatum*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Mayweed: Mayweed, Stinking Chamomile, Dog Fennel

Anthemis cotula
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Mayweed: Pineapple Weed, Wild Chamomile, Rayless Chamomile, Disc Mayweed

Matricaria discoidea*
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Meadow Parsnip: Hairyjoint Meadow Parsnip

Thaspium barbinode*
(Native) Family: Apiaceae – Carrot family
Meadow-rue: Rue Anemone

Thalictrum thalictroides*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Meadow-rue: Skunk Meadow Rue, Waxyleaf Meadowrue, Purple Meadow-rue

Thalictrum revolutum*
(Native) Family: Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Milkvetch: Canada Milkvetch, Little Rattlepod

Astragalus canadensis*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Milkweed : Fourleaf Milkweed

Asclepias quadrifolia*
(Native) Family: Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Milkweed: Whorled Milkweed

Asclepias verticillata*
(Native) Family: Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Milkweed: Butterfly Milkweed, Butterfly Weed, Pleurisy Root, Orange Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa*
(Native) Family: Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Milkweed: Common Milkweed, Silkweed

Asclepias syriaca*
(Native) Family: Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Miterwort: Miterwort, Bishop's Cap

Mitella diphylla
(Native) Family: Saxifragaceae – Saxifrage family
Morning Glory: Hedge Bindweed, Hedge False Bindweed

Calystegia sepium*
(Native) Family: Convolvulaceae – Morning-glory family
Morning Glory: Wild Potato Vine, Man of the Earth, Wild Sweet Potato, Bigroot Morning Glory

Ipomoea pandurata*
(Native) Family: Convolvulaceae – Morning-glory family
Morning Glory: Small Red Morning Glory, Redstar, Starflower, Scarlet Morningglory

Ipomoea coccinea
(Introduced) Family: Convolvulaceae – Morning-glory family
Morning Glory: Small White Morning Glory, Whitestar, Pitted Morningglory

Ipomoea lacunosa*
(Native) Family: Convolvulaceae – Morning-glory family
Mullein: Common Mullein, Great Mullein

Verbascum thapsus*
(Introduced) Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family
Mullein: Moth Mullein

Verbascum blattaria
(Introduced) Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family
Mullein Foxglove: Mullein Foxglove, Mullein Seymeria

Dasistoma macrophylla*
(Native) Family: Orobanchaceae – Broom-rape family
Nightshade: Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil's Tomato

Solanum carolinense
(Native) Family: Solanaceae – Potato family
Nightshade: Climbing Nightshade, BIttersweet Nightshade, Woody Nightshade, European Bittersweet, Fellenwort, Blue Nightshade

Solanum dulcamara*
(Introduced) Family: Solanaceae – Potato family
Onion: Wild Garlic, Meadow Garlic

Allium canadense
(Native) Family: Amaryllidaceae – Amaryllis family
Onion: Glade Onion, Prairie Onion, Cliff Onion, Autumn Onion, Lady's Leek, Wild Onion

Allium stellatum*
(Native) Family: Amaryllidaceae – Amaryllis family
Onion: Nodding Wild Onion, Nodding Onion, Allegheny Onion

Allium cernuum*
(Native) Family: Amaryllidaceae – Amaryllis family
Partridge Pea: Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant

Chamaecrista fasciculata*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Partridgeberry: Partridgeberry, Partridge Berry, Sqaw Vine, Eyeberry

Mitchella repens*
(Native) Family: Rubiaceae – Madder family
Pea: Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea

Lathyrus latifolius
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Pearly Everlasting: Pearly Everlasting, Western Pearly Everlasting

Anaphalis margaritacea*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Perilla, Beefsteak Plant: Beefsteak Plant, Beefsteak Mint, Perilla Mint

Perilla frutescens*
(Introduced) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Periwinkle: Small Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Dwarf Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle

Vinca minor*
(Introduced) Family: Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Phacelia: Purple Phacelia, Fernleaf Phacelia

Phacelia bipinnatifida*
(Native) Family: Hydrophyllaceae – Waterleaf family
Phlox: Downy Phlox

Phlox pilosa
(Native) Family: Polemoniaceae – Phlox family
Phlox: Fall Phlox; Garden phlox

Phlox paniculata
(Native) Family: Polemoniaceae – Phlox family
Phlox: Wild Blue Phlox, Woodland Phlox

Phlox divaricata
(Native) Family: Polemoniaceae – Phlox family
Pigeonwings: Butterfly Pea, Atlantic pigeonwings

Clitoria mariana*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Pink: Deptford Pink, Mountain Pink

Dianthus armeria*
(Introduced) Family: Caryophyllaceae – Pink family
Plantain: Narrowleaf Plantain, English Plantain, Buckhorn, Lanceleaf Plantain, Ribwort, Buckhorn, Ribgrass

Plantago lanceolata
(Introduced) Family: Plantaginaceae – Plantain family
Plantain: Virginia Plantain, Dwarf Plantain, Southern Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Paleseed Indianwheat

Plantago virginica*
(Native) Family: Plantaginaceae – Plantain family
Plum: Chokecherry, Western Chokecherry, Black Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Plum: American Plum, Wild Plum

Prunus americana*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Plumeless Thistle: Bristle Thistle, Musk Thistle, Nodding Thistle, Nodding Plumeless Thistle

Carduus nutans*
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Poison Oak: Eastern Poison Ivy

Toxicodendron radicans*
(Native) Family: Anacardiaceae – Cashew or Sumac family
Poison Oak: Western Poison Ivy, Northern Poison Ivy

Toxicodendron rydbergii*
(Native) Family: Anacardiaceae – Cashew or Sumac family
Pokeweed: American Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Inkberry, Poke Sallet

Phytolacca americana*
(Native) Family: Phytolaccaceae – Pokeweed family
Pond-lily: Yellow Pond Lily, Cowlily, Spatterdock

Nuphar lutea*
(Native) Family: Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family
Prairie Coneflower: Pinnate Prairie Coneflower, Yellow Coneflower, Grayhead Coneflower

Ratibida pinnata*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Prairie Coneflower: Mexican Hat, Long-Headed Coneflower, Red Coneflower, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Ratibida columnifera*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Primrose-willow: Seedbox, Smooth Seedbox, Bushy Seedbox, Rattle-box, Square-pod Water-primrose

Ludwigia alternifolia*
(Native) Family: Onagraceae – Evening Primrose family
Purple Coneflower: Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Pussytoes: Plantain-leaf Pussytoes, Woman's Tobacco

Antennaria plantaginifolia*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Queen Anne's Lace: Queen Anne's Lace, Wild Carrot

Daucus carota*
(Introduced) Family: Apiaceae – Carrot family
Ragweed: Great Ragweed, Buffalo Weed, Horseweed, Giant Ragweed, Tall Ambrosia

Ambrosia trifida*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Ragweed: Common Ragweed, Annual Ragweed, Small Ragweed, Roman Wormwood

Ambrosia artemisiifolia*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Ragwort: Butterweed, Yellowtop, Cressleaf Groundsel, Floodplain Ragwort

Packera glabella*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Rattlesnake Plantain: Downy Rattlesnake Plantain, Downy Rattlesnake Orchid, Adder’s Violet, Net-leaf Plantain

Goodyera pubescens*
(Native) Family: Orchidaceae – Orchid family
Redbud: Eastern Redbud

Cercis canadensis*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Rose : Multiflora Rose

Rosa multiflora*
(Introduced) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Rose: Woods Rose, Common Wild Rose, Mountain Rose

Rosa woodsii*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Rose: Swamp Rose, Marsh Rose

Rosa palustris*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Selfheal: Heal-All, Common Selfheal

Prunella vulgaris*
(Native) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Senna: Southern Wild Senna

Senna marilandica*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush: Allegheny Serviceberry, Smooth Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis*
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Sherardia: Field Madder, blue fieldmadder, Spurwort

Sherardia arvensis
(Introduced) Family: Rubiaceae – Madder family
Skullcap: Heartleaf skullcap

Scutellaria ovata*
(Native) Family: Lamiaceae – Mint family
Smartweed: Water Knotweed, Swamp Smartweed, Water Smartweed

Persicaria amphibia*
(Native) Family: Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family
Smartweed: Virginia Knotweed, Jumpseed

Persicaria virginiana*
(Native) Family: Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family
Smartweed: Dotted Smartweed, Dotted Knotweed, Water Smartweed

Persicaria punctata*
(Native) Family: Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family
Sneezeweed: Bitterweed, Bitter Sneezeweed, Yellowdicks

Helenium amarum*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Sneezeweed: Autumn Sneezeweed, Common Sneezeweed, False Sunflower, Staggerwort, Yellow Star

Helenium autumnale*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Snowberry: Common Snowberry, Upright Snowberry

Symphoricarpos albus*
(Native) Family: Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle family
Soapwort: Cowcockle, Cow Soapwort, Cowherb

Vaccaria hispanica*
(Introduced) Family: Caryophyllaceae – Pink family
Solomon's Seal : Smooth Solomon's Seal

Polygonatum biflorum*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Speedwell: Bird's Eye Speedwell, Persian Speedwell, Birdeye Speedwell, Winter Speedwell

Veronica persica*
(Introduced) Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family
Speedwell: Water Speedwell, Sessile Water-speedwell, Brook-pimpernell, Blue Water Speedwell

Veronica anagallis-aquatica*
(Introduced) Family: Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family
Spicebush: Northern Spicebush, Wild Allspice, Common Spicebush

Lindera benzoin*
(Native) Family: Lauraceae – Laurel family
Spiderwort: Virginia Spiderwort

Tradescantia virginiana
(Native) Family: Commelinaceae – Spiderwort family
Spindletree: Burningbush, Eastern Wahoo, Spindle Tree, Indian Arrow-Wood

Euonymus atropurpureus*
(Native) Family: Celastraceae – Bittersweet family
Spleenwort: Walking Fern, American Walking Fern

Asplenium rhizophyllum*
(Native) Family: Aspleniaceae – Spleenwort family
Spring Beauty: Virginia Spring Beauty, Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica*
(Native) Family: Portulacaceae – Purslane family
Spurge: Flowering Spurge, Blooming Spurge, Emetic Root

Euphorbia corollata*
(Native) Family: Euphorbiaceae – Spurge family
Spurge: Wild Poinsettia, Mexican Fireplant, Fire on the Mountain, Painted Euphorbia, Desert Poinsettia

Euphorbia cyathophora
(Native) Family: Euphorbiaceae – Spurge family
Squawroot: Squawroot

Conopholis americana*
(Native) Family: Orobanchaceae – Broom-rape family
St. John's Wort: Spotted St. Johnswort, Black Dotted St. Johnswort

Hypericum punctatum*
(Native) Family: Hypericaceae – St. John's Wort Family
Star Grass: Yellow Star Grass, Common Goldstar

Hypoxis hirsuta*
(Native) Family: Hypoxidaceae – African Potato family
Starwort: Common Chickweed

Stellaria media*
(Introduced) Family: Caryophyllaceae – Pink family
Stonecrop: Woodland Stonecrop, Wild Stonecrop, Woods Stonecrop

Sedum ternatum
(Native) Family: Crassulaceae – Stonecrop family
Stoneseed: Hoary Puccoon, Orange Puccoon, Indian Paint

Lithospermum canescens*
(Native) Family: Boraginaceae – Borage family
Storksbill: Crane’s Bill Geranium, Redstem Stork's Bill, Storksbill, Redstem Filaree, Heron's Bill

Erodium cicutarium*
(Introduced) Family: Geraniaceae – Geranium family
Strawberry: Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry

Fragaria virginiana
(Native) Family: Rosaceae – Rose family
Sumac: Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac, Eastern Winged Sumac

Rhus copallinum*
(Native) Family: Anacardiaceae – Cashew or Sumac family
Sunflower: Thinleaf Sunflower, Ten-petal Sunflower, Forest Sunflower, Pale Sunflower

Helianthus decapetalus*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Sunflower: Jerusalem Artichoke, Jerusalem Sunflower, Sunchoke, Girasole

Helianthus tuberosus*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Sweetclover: Yellow Sweetclover, Yellow Melilot, Common Melilot, Field Melilot, Cornilla Real, White Sweetclover

Melilotus officinalis*
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Sweetclover: White Sweetclover, White Melilot, Honey-Clover, Bokhara Clover

Melilotus albus*
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Sweetroot: Longstyle Sweetroot, Sweet Anise, Aniseroot

Osmorhiza longistylis
(Native) Family: Apiaceae – Carrot family
Thistle: Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle

Cirsium vulgare
(Introduced) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Thoroughwort: Late-Flowering Thoroughwort, Late-Flowering Boneset

Eupatorium serotinum*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Tickseed: Lanceleaf Coreopsis

Coreopsis lanceolata*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Tickseed: Tall Coreopsis, Tall Tickseed

Coreopsis tripteris*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family
Ticktrefoil: Nakedflower Ticktrefoil, Naked-Flowered Tick Trefoil, Naked-stemmed Tick Clover

Desmodium nudiflorum*
(Native) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Toadflax: Dalmation Toadflax, Broadleaf Toadflax

Linaria dalmatica*
(Introduced) Family: Plantaginaceae – Plantain family
Touch-me-not : Jewelweed, Touch-me-not, Spotted jewelweed

Impatiens capensis*
(Native) Family: Balsaminaceae – Touch-me-not family
Touch-me-not: Pale Touch-me-not, Pale Snapweed

Impatiens pallida*
(Native) Family: Balsaminaceae – Touch-me-not family
Trailing Arbutus: Trailing Arbutus, Ground Laurel, Mayflower, Plymouth Mayflower

Epigaea repens*
(Native) Family: Ericaceae – Heath family
Trillium: White Trillium, Nodding Wakerobin, Bent White Trillium, Bent Trillium, Drooping Trillium, Declined Trillium

Trillium flexipes*
(Native) Family: Liliaceae – Lily family
Trumpet Creeper: Trumpet Creeper

Campsis radicans
(Native) Family: Bignoniaceae – Bignonia family
Trumpet Flower: Narrowleaf Collomia, Tiny Trumpet, Narrow-leaf Mountain Trumpet

Collomia linearis*
(Native) Family: Polemoniaceae – Phlox family
Tuliptree: Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar, Tuliptree, Tulip Magnolia

Liriodendron tulipifera*
(Native) Family: Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family
Twinleaf: Twinleaf, Helmet Pod, Ground Squirrel Pea

Jeffersonia diphylla*
(Native) Family: Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Venus' Looking-glass: Venus' Looking Glass, Clasping Bellwort, Clasping Venus' Looking Glass, Roundleaved Triodanis

Triodanis perfoliata*
(Native) Family: Campanulaceae - Bellflower family
Vervain: Narrowleaf Vervain, Simple Verbena

Verbena simplex*
(Native) Family: Verbenaceae – Verbena family
Vervain: White Vervain, Nettle-leaf Verbena

Verbena urticifolia*
(Native) Family: Verbenaceae – Verbena family
Vetch: Crown Vetch, Purple Crown Vetch, Axseed, Hive Vine

Coronilla varia*
(Introduced) Family: Fabaceae – Pea family
Viburnum: Southern Arrowwood, Arrowwood Viburnum

Viburnum dentatum
(Native) Family: Adoxaceae – Muskroot Family
Violet : Common Blue Violet

Viola sororia*
(Native) Family: Violaceae – Violet family
Violet : Canada Violet

Viola canadensis*
(Native) Family: Violaceae – Violet family
Violet: Sweet White Violet

Viola blanda*
(Native) Family: Violaceae – Violet family
Violet: Bird's-foot violet

Viola pedata*
(Native) Family: Violaceae – Violet family
Violet: Field Pansy, Wild Pansy, Johnny Jump-up

Viola bicolor*
(Native) Family: Violaceae – Violet family
Waterleaf: Broad-leaf Waterleaf ; Bluntleaf Waterleaf, Maple-leaf Waterleaf

Hydrophyllum canadense*
(Native) Family: Hydrophyllaceae – Waterleaf family
Waterlily: American White Water Lily, Fragrant Water Lily, White Water Lily

Nymphaea odorata
(Native) Family: Nymphaeaceae – Water-lily family
Waxweed: Blue Waxweed, Clammy Cuphea, Tarweed

Cuphea viscosissima*
(Native) Family: Lythraceae – Loosestrife family
Witchhazel: American Witchhazel

Hamamelis virginiana*
(Native) Family: Hamamelidaceae – Witch-hazel family
Wood Sorrel: Violet Wood Sorrel

Oxalis violacea*
(Native) Family: Oxalidaceae – Wood-Sorrel family
Wood Sorrel: Slender Yellow Woodsorrel, Southern Yellow Wood-sorrel, Dillen’s Oxalis

Oxalis dillenii*
(Native) Family: Oxalidaceae – Wood-Sorrel family
Yarrow: Common Yarrow, Milfoil

Achillea millefolium*
(Native) Family: Asteraceae – Aster family

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Updated Apr 18, 2015