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Partridgeberry, Partridge Berry, Sqaw Vine, Eyeberry - Mitchella repens


Family: Rubiaceae - Madder family Genus Common Name: Partridgeberry Native Status: NativeDicot Perennial Herb
Mitchella repens - Partridgeberry, Partridge Berry, Sqaw Vine, Eyeberry. An evergreen; the red berries and green foliage of Partridgeberry form appealing mats that grace forest floors, even in winter. The creeping stems of the plant are the source of the species epithet repens.

Mitchella repens is listed as Threatened in Iowa.

Found in:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

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Mitchella repens

Distribution of Mitchella repens in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 23 Aug 2017). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: Lula Lake, Walker County, GA Date: 2010-May-29Photographer: Gerald C. Williamson
Nikon D60
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
Partridgeberry blossoms grow in pairs. The two ovaries fuse to become a single red edible fruit. On the center berry you might be able to make out the marks where the two corollas were attached. Presumably this feature is the source of one of the common names Eyeberry.
Mitchella repens

Site: Lula Lake, Walker County, GA Date: 2010-May-29Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
Mitchella repens may be a dioecious plant a single plant carrying either male or female flower, but not both. If that is true, then this is a photo of the male (staminate) plant, with the stames clearly visible above the petals. Some reports, however, indicate that this may simple be a different form, with the pistil much shorter than the petals. If they are truly dioecious, this particular plant will carry no berries.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Mitchella repens

Site: Lula Lake, Walker County, GA Date: 2010-May-29Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
In this photo of Partridgeberry, the pistils are visible above the petals; this is either a dioecious female (pistillate) plant, or a form which has no stamens exserted.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Mitchella repens

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer