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White Vervain, Nettle-leaf Verbena - Verbena urticifolia


Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family Genus Common Name: Vervain Native Status: NativeDicot Perennial Herb
Verbena urticifolia - White Vervain, Nettle-leaf Verbena. One or the other of the two varieties of Verbena urticifolia is found in every state east of the Rocky Mountains, with the exception of possibly Maine, where it is historical but might be extirpated. It can be weedy (to that I can attest personally,) and I personally find it interesting but not especially attractive.

Found in:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

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Verbena urticifolia

Distribution of Verbena urticifolia in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 24 Nov 2017). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: Walker County, GA Date: 2011-July-29Photographer: Gerald C. Williamson
Nikon D7000
It is a tall, occasionally branching plant, reaching 5 feet, with long, thin inflorescence spikes in the upper leaf axils and in an array of spikes terminating the stem. The blossoms are quite tiny, and only a few are open in each spike at the same time.
Verbena urticifolia

Site: Walker County, GA Date: 2011-July-29Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
The leaves of White Vervain are up to 6 inches long, toothed, and may have a pair of leaflets where the winged petiole meets the hairy stem.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Verbena urticifolia

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer