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Fogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit, Northern Fogfruit - Phyla lanceolata


Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family Genus Common Name: Fogfruit Native Status: Native
Phyla lanceolata - Fogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit, Northern Fogfruit. Widely distributed. One of the common names is Northern Fogfruit, not because this is not commonly found in the south, but because it is the only Phyla species found commonly in northern states. It is found in wet (frequently foggy) areas bottom lands, shores of creeks and lakes, and marshes.

It is listed as Endangered in New Jersey, and Rare in Pennsylvania.

Found in:
AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WI, WV

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Phyla lanceolata

Distribution of Phyla lanceolata in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2009. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 20 Feb 2017). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

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Site: Hamilton County, TN Date: 2010-September-05Photographer: Gerald C. Williamson
Nikon D60
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
The inflorescence is a tight head (I think this is technically a spike) usually around inch across encircled by a row of tiny flowers. The flowers start blooming at the bottom of the head, and progressively bloom up the head as the season progresses.
Phyla lanceolata

Site: Reflection Riding, Hamilton County, TN Date: 2010-September-05Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
The flowers are white to lavender, with two lips. The outer lip is lobed to appear as three petals. In this flower, as in many I observed, some of the corollas were nearly pure white, while others were lavender.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Phyla lanceolata

Site: Reflection Riding, Hamilton County, TN Date: 2010-September-05Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
The leaves are lanceolate (thus the name Lanceleaf Fogfruit and species epithet lanceolata) to ovate and toothed. Nearer the short petiole the leaf is not toothed.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Phyla lanceolata

Site: Reflection Riding, Hamilton County, TN Date: 2010-September-05Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
A colony of Fogfruit will frequently form a mat.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Phyla lanceolata

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer