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Lanceleaf Trillium, Lanceleaf Wakerobin - Trillium lancifolium

Family: Liliaceae - Lily family Genus Common Name: Trillium Native Status: NativeMonocot Perennial Herb
Trillium lancifolium - Lanceleaf Trillium, Lanceleaf Wakerobin. Lanceleaf Trillium is a small trillium with a sessile maroon blossom. It is found only in six southeastern states - TN, MS, AL, GA, SC, and FL, and is endangered in Florida and Tennessee.

Lanceleaf Trillium is similar to and closely related to Prairie Trillium (Trillium recurvatum.) Prairie Trillium has more strongly recurved sepals, is usually larger than T. Lancifolium, has broader leaves, and (key identifier) the leaves are on short petioles, whereas T. Lancifolium leaves narrow significantly at their base, but they are sessile. T. recurvatum also has a larger, more northern and western range.

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Trillium lancifolium

Distribution of Trillium lancifolium in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 22 Feb 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: Pigeon Mountain - East, Walker County GA Date: 2011-April-02Photographer: Gerald C. Williamson
Nikon D60
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
The 3 maroon (rarely yellow) petals are up to 1.5 inches long, and are typically twisted. The stamens curve inward. Trillium lancifolium is one of a few of the sessile trillium whose sepals recurve down below the leaves (bracts), a species indicator.
Trillium lancifolium

Site: Pigeon Mountain - East, Walker County GA Date: 2011-April-02Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF MacroFlash: Yes
The leaves of Trillium lancifolium are around 4 times as long as they are wide. They are narrow at the base but are sessile, not petioled.

This colony of Lanceleaf Trillium was shown to me by Jay Clark, author of Wildflowers of Pigeon Mountain.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Trillium lancifolium

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2018
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer