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Harbinger-of-Spring, Pepper and Salt - Erigenia bulbosa


Family: Apiaceae - Carrot family Genus Common Name: Parsley Native Status: NativeDicot Annual Perennial Herb
Erigenia bulbosa - Harbinger-of-Spring, Pepper and Salt. Harbinger of Spring is also known as Pepper and Salt due to contrast between dark anthers and white petals. As the common name implies, it is one of the earliest native wildflowers to bloom in the late winter or early spring.

Found in:
AL, AR, DC, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, VA, WI, WV

Journal Articles Referencing Parsley

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Erigenia bulbosa

Distribution of Erigenia bulbosa in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 30 Apr 2017). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-February-07Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
This is one of the very first plants to bloom in late winter or early spring. The leaves are ternately compound - each leave is divided into (typically) three to five leaflets, and each leaflet is furuther divided into three lobes. They demonstrate the relationship to garden parsley.

The stem of the plant may be up to about a foot long, but is frequently trailing under the leaves in the forest, so the flowers are rarely more than a few inches above the leaf litter.
Erigenia bulbosa

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2014-February-24Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
Erigenia bulbosa has a stem-terminating inflorescence of many tiny flowers each with 5 white petals. The anthers are dark red, soon turning black.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Erigenia bulbosa

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer