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Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip, Jack in the Pulpit, - Arisaema triphyllum


Family: Araceae - Arum family Genus Common Name: Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip Native Status: NativeMonocot Perennial Herb
Arisaema triphyllum - Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip, Jack in the Pulpit, . Jack-in-the-Pulpit usually has a single leaf with 3 leaflets on a stem from 12 to 36 inches tall, usually less than 2 feet. The tiny flowers are on a spike (spadix) which is encircled by a leaf-like spathe on a separate stem from the leaf. These stems separate at or near ground level. The spathe is green or purple and is usually striped.

Found in:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

Journal Articles Referencing Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip

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Check here for more information about Arisaema triphyllum.
Arisaema triphyllum

Distribution of Arisaema triphyllum in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 22 Aug 2017). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2008-April-13Photographer: Gerald C Williamson ISO200
75mm (112 equiv) Flash: Yes
The "Jack" is usually on a shorter stalk than the 3-part leaf, although that is not always the case.
Arisaema triphyllum

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-March-26Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
1/60f/22 ISO200
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
90mm (135 equiv) Flash: Yes
The pulpit is a leaf-like bract (spathe) which surrounds a club-like spadix. The tiny blossoms are located at the base of the spadix, hidden from view by the spathe.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Arisaema triphyllum

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2011-April-06Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D40
I had been wondering how to photograph the flowers of Arisaema triphyllum without destroying the spathe, but I ran across this plant. The deer has resolved my conundrum. Since the female flowers are lower on the spadix than the male flowers, these are likely female flowers.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Arisaema triphyllum

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-June-24Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
1/125f/4 ISO100
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
90mm (135 equiv) Flash: Yes
The seeds of Jack-in-the-Pulpit develop inside the spathe - the Pulpit. They will be red when fully-matured.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Arisaema triphyllum

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2012-February-04Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
Ripened fruit of Jack-in-the-Pulpt
Click on the photo for a larger image
Arisaema triphyllum

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-March-26Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
1/60f/22 ISO200
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
90mm (135 equiv) Flash: Yes
Jack-in-the-Pulpit three-part leaf and blossom structure arise on separate stems.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Arisaema triphyllum

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2011-March-20Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
Early in the season with the pulpit just opening.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Arisaema triphyllum

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer