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Sharp-lobed Hepatica, Liverleaf, Liverwort - Anemone acutiloba


Family: Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family Genus Common Name: Anemone Native Status: NativeDicot Perennial Herb
Anemone acutiloba - Sharp-lobed Hepatica, Liverleaf, Liverwort.

The classification of Hepatica has been disputed. In the past it was considered as a single species with two varieties (some called them subspecies) of Hepatica nobilis. Hepatica nobilis var. acuta, Sharp-lobed Hepatica, and Round-lobed Hepatica, Hepatica nobilis var obtusa. They have also been classified in the past by some authorities as separate species in the Hepatica genus (H. acuta, H. acutiloba, H. americana, H. hepatica, and H. triloba.) Most authorities now consider these two plants to be separate species in the Anemone genus. H. nobilis var. acuta is now Anemone acutiloba, and H. nobilis var obtusa is now Anemone americana (Anemone hepatica by some authorities.) The classification within the USWildflowers' database here was changed to conform to more broadly accepted Anemone genus in February, 2016.

Sharp-Lobed Hepatica is listed as "Threatened" in Connecticut, and "Endangered" in Florida. According to USDA, it is "Possibly Extirpated" in Maine. The inclusion of listing the species in Florida may possibly be a relic of Hepatica nobilis, with var. obtusa being found in two counties along the northern border (Jackson and Gadsden.)

Found in:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Journal Articles Referencing Anemone

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Check here for more information about Anemone acutiloba.
Anemone acutiloba

Distribution of Anemone acutiloba in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 20 Aug 2017). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-March-07Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Lovely cluster of white sharp-lobed hepatica, an early spring wildflower. This is also one of my favorite wildflower photographs.
Anemone acutiloba

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-February-16Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
1/1000f/5.6 ISO100
Nikon Nikkor AF-S 55-200mm 4-5.6G ED
175mm (262 equiv)
Aside from the foliage, the urn-shaped pistils are noteworthy identifiers for mature blossoms of Hepatica. Anemone acutiloba and Anemone americana (Round-lobed Hepatica) are amonge the earliest spring bloomers. In 2016, they were blooming in January at The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain in north Georgia.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Anemone acutiloba

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-February-07Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
1/125f/5.6 ISO100
Nikon Nikkor AF-S 55-200mm 4-5.6G ED
200mm (300 equiv) Flash: Yes
The leaves of Hepatica are 3-lobed. The new blossoms arise from last-year's leaves. These are the leaves of Anemone acutiloba - Sharp-lobed Hepatica. Compare the elongation of the lobes with those of the next photo.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Anemone acutiloba

Site: Elsie Holmes Nature Park, Catoosa County, GA Date: 2015-March-15Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
The leaves of Anemone americana (formerly Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa), shown in this photo, are much more rounded than those of Anemone acutaloba (formerly Hepatica nobilisvar. acuta.) In my very limited experience the leaves of Anemone americana are also notably smaller than those of A. acutiloba.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Anemone acutiloba

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2008-March-22Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D40
1/125f5 ISO640
Nikon Nikkor AF-S 55-200mm 4-5.6G ED
135mm (202 equiv)
Hepatica has a wide variety of colors, from white thru pink to blue and deep purple.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Anemone acutiloba

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2010-March-06Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
1/500f/11 ISO200
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
90mm (135 equiv)
Some of the Hepatica blossoms can be a very deep purple, and located very near others that are pure white. In my experience, blossoms this deep purple are uncommon.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Anemone acutiloba

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2010-February-28Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
90mm (135 equiv)
Hepatica nobilis in a shade of deep lavender.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Anemone acutiloba

Site: The Pocket at Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2009-March-15Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D60
1/125f/8 ISO200
Nikon Nikkor AF-S 55-200mm 4-5.6G ED
200mm (300 equiv)
Pink Hepatica blossom
Click on the photo for a larger image
Anemone acutiloba

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer