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Elliott's Blueberry, Mayberry, High Bush Blueberry - Vaccinium elliottii


Family: Ericaceae - Heath family Genus Common Name: Blueberry Native Status: NativeDicot Perennial Shrub
Vaccinium elliottii - Elliott's Blueberry, Mayberry, High Bush Blueberry. There is much variability in the classification of blueberries and their relatives. Some authorities place them in several different genera, and others place them all in Vaccinium, subdividing it into several sections. Broadly described, Vaccinium includes blueberries, cranberries, and bilberries, and may include as many as 500 species worldwide. There are some other "berry" common names applied to Vaccinium as well, such as deerberry and huckleberry - both of those may also be applied to species in other genera as well. Since they are similar in appearance and can hybridize, identification can be difficult; fortunately the fine folks at the Wolf Creek Trout Lily Preserve had already identified these.

Elliott's Blueberry is a true blueberry in the sense that it is in the Cyanococcus section of Vaccinium; for those who subscribe to the narrower classifications, it is classified by some as Cyanococcus elliottii. It is primarily a species of the coastal plains of the southeastern United States, growing in bottomlands and on sandy slopes near rivers primarily in coastal plains from Virginia south to Florida and west to Texas. It is also found in Coffee County, Tennessee (certainly NOT a coastal plain), where that disjunct population is Endangered.

Found in:
AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA

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Vaccinium elliottii

Distribution of Vaccinium elliottii in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 15 Dec 2017). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: Wolf Creek Trout Lily Preserve, Grady County, Ga Date: 2014-February-20Photographer: Gerald C. Williamson
Nikon D7000
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
The lovely white flowers (pink-hued before they are fully developed) of Elliotts Blueberry will form edible blueberry fruits.
Vaccinium elliottii

Site: Wolf Creek Trout Lily Preserve, Grady County, Ga Date: 2014-February-20Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
The leaves are held on slender twigs and (when fully developed; here they are early) are up to about 1.5 inches long (usually an inch or less) with finely serrate margins. These leaves are smaller than those of most other "High Bush Blueberry" plants.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Vaccinium elliottii

Site: Wolf Creek Trout Lily Preserve, Grady County, Ga Date: 2014-February-20Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
Vaccinium elliottii is an erect shrub growing up to 12 feet high. It has many woody stems which are green when young. It flowers in early spring before the leaves appear.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Vaccinium elliottii

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer